Cities are the life-blood of national economies, contributing an average of 85% of GDP. Today, nearly 60% of the world’s population lives in urban areas. Research shows that urbanisation, the gradual movement from rural to urban areas, combined with the overall growth of the world’s population could add another 2.5bn people to urban areas by 2050, with nearly 90% of this increase taking place in Asia and Africa. This migration to urban centres is placing an enormous strain on existing infrastructure. For Instance, how people move through and interact with transport in cities is becoming increasingly important to people’s quality of life. Urban mobility will continue to be a major area of focus in both developed and developing economies. The economic capabilities and environmental footprint of cities also need a great deal of consideration.
These days, cities are under increasing pressure to prioritise competing demands with shrinking budgets whilst at the same time attempting to remain competitive in a globalised market for labour, as well as goods and services.